Ten Commandments: Sanctify, Unify, Bless
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Ex 19:4 'You have seen what I did to Egypt...brought you to myself. 5 And now, if you will diligently listen to me and keep my covenant, then you will be my special possession out of all the nations 6 you will be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' 8 "All that the LORD has commanded we will do!"
20:1 God spoke all these words 2 "I am Yahweh your God, who brought you outof the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
The law (religious/moral/civil) was the means of blessing a redeemed people (sacrificed/blood as specified, and demonstrated faith).
II. 4 You shall not make for yourselves an idol, nor any image of anything...5 you shall not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them, for I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and on the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6 and showing hesed/loyal love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
20:4 No images to which people bow 20:5 repeated in Ex 34=essence of God's glory; Jn 14:15 If you love me, keep my commandments.
III. 7 You shall not bear the name of Yahweh your God in vain, for Yahweh will not hold him guiltless who bears his name in vain. Cx Hypocrisy
Not about profanity but valueless profession. “Vain” is false Dt 5:20. To call oneself a believer/Christian, and not believe/follow is to no effect.
IV. 8 Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 You shall labor six days, and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. You shall not do any work in it...11 for in six days Yahweh made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day, and made it holy. Cx Sloth & Self-sufficiency
V. 12 Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which Yahweh your God gives you.
Parents had the responsibility Dt 6 of passing on the words and walk with God so their kids would be blessed.
VI-X These commands to not engage in self-centered behavior at the expense of another (the opposite of love), flow out of our relationship with God built by the previous ones, esp #1. Rm 13:10 Love doesn't harm a neighbor. Love therefore is the fulfillment of the law.
VI. 13 You shall not murder. (self-defense, justice, and just war OK) Cx Anger; Vengeance
VII. 14 You shall not commit adultery. (as long as you don't hurt anyone...someone always gets hurt) Cx Lust
VIII. 15 You shall not steal. (basis of individual ownership and property rights; applicable to governments?) Cx Greed
IX. 16 You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. (lying is demonic, and destroys relationships & trade -no trust)
X. 17 "You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s. Cx Envy
Coveting is the opposite of the first commandment, and gets to the heart of the matter. If our value system revolves around temporal rather than eternal gratification, we will incur guilt. If it revolves around God, all is good regardless of circumstances.
Col 3:5 Put to death...sexual immorality, uncleanness, depraved passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry; 6 for which things' sake the wrath of God comes on the children of disobedience. 8 but now you also put them all away: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and shameful speaking out of your mouth. 9 Don't lie to one another, seeing that you have put off the old man... cf Rm 8:12-14
XI. Exclusively Fear God so you won't sin, and thus will enjoy His blessings.
Questions for Reflection/Discussion/Response:
Dt 5:29 O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them & children for ever!