Study Guide to the Holy Spirit
Jesus told the apostles in John 14:15-27, that the HS is the Spirit of Truth, sent as a permanent Helper, to and within them, by the Father (16-17), under the authority of Jesus to teach and remind them of Jesus' words (26). In John 16:7-15, Jesus said the Holy Spirit would convict unbelievers of sin, righteousness, and judgment, and guide the apostles in receiving revelation (13). His purpose is to bear witness to Jesus and to glorify the Father in Jesus (15:26 and 16:14) through believers.
The contexts of the above passages (John 14-16) overwhelmingly stress obedience to God's word. The HS's ministry to believers is to help us obey God's word and as a result, be Christlike, fruitful, and bring glory to Jesus. This is done through transforming our minds and thence our actions (see Romans 12:1-2). The Spirit of God uses the Word of God to accomplish the Will of the Father in our lives by developing in us the Mind of Christ.
IV. DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (Pneumatology)
He has the characteristics and works of a person, and is treated as such in Scripture. (I Cor 2:10-11; 12:11; Eph 4:30; Ac 5:3; Jn 16)
He is named God, does things only God can do, and possesses exclusive attributes of deity. (I Cor 6:11; Gen 1:2; II Cor 3:17)
The Spirit's overarching ministry is to glorify Jesus (Jn 16:14) by:
1. Convicting unbelievers of sin, righteous, and judgment. (Jn 16)
2. Regenerating = imparting new life to believers. (Tit 3:5; Jn 3:3-7)
3. Indwelling = the permanent mark of a believer, begins at salvation, when the HS comes to live in our lives/hearts. (Romans 5:5; 8:9; I Cor 6:19-20; II Cor 5:5 4:7!!)
4. Baptizing = (not water) a spiritual act (identification/immersion) by which we're made members of Christ's Body and His family (I Cor 12:13)
5. Sealing = non-returnable deposit or guarantee of final salvation. Occurs at time of belief. (Eph 1:13-14; 4:30; II Cor 1:22)
6. Sanctifying = enabling believers to lead holy lives (Gal 5:16) by:
6a. Leading = the ongoing process of working out our salvation and becoming like Jesus. Romans 8:14 is a restatement of 8:13b "if you habitually make extinct the deeds of the flesh, you will live." It does not refer to guidance or direction.
6b. Filling = being filled means being controlled, which is synonymous with walking or living under the influence or by the power of someone or something. This is seen particularly in the contrast between the fruit of the Spirit and the fruit of the Flesh in Galatians 5:16f. To "walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh" is parallel to Ephesians 5:18 "And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit."
7. Gifting for service = an endowment of grace for the purpose of building up the Body of Christ (Eph 4:7&16; I Cor 12:7,11,18; I Pt 4:10)
8. Teaching = On the revelatory level, a ministry solely to the apostles. On the applicational level, to all believers. I Cor 2:10-16.
9. Praying = Interceding for believers in their weakness with groanings "that words can not express" Rm 8:26 Eph 6:18
The Holy Spirit dispensed unusual manifestations of God's grace for the building up of the Body of Christ. When the Body reached a certain level of maturity, the unusual manifestations were supplanted by the everyday workings of God's Spirit and grace in the life of believers to build up the Body. In certain churches undergoing development, such a need may still exist. The present day charismatic movement would have a difficult time proving that their "manifestations of the Spirit" are in accord with those in Scripture. (Eph 4:7-16; I Cor 12:1-14:30; Rm 12:6-8)